Ishant Sharma, whose Test-best seven for 44 against England sealed India " s 95-run win in the corresponding Lord " s Test four years ago - one of just two Indian victories in 17 previous Tests at "the home of cricket" - bowled the first over.
Danielle Wyatt, England's woman cricketer, who is active on social media praised him for running out Pujara on his first day on the field.
This second day may have begun in bright sunshine. The batsmen could not deal with the swing bowling on offer and slumped to a first innings total of 107 all out.
Meanwhile Chris Woakes marked his return to worldwide cricket with two wickets for 19 runs in six overs, removing both India captain Virat Kohli (24) and Hardik Pandya (11) via slip catches by Jos Buttler.
If Anderson wasn't troubling them with the off-stump channel, then it was comeback man Woakes, who was ready to make life miserable for the duo.
Kohli and Pujara were friends before the mix-up.
After appearing to call for a single, Kohli started running before desperately scrambling back to the non-striker's end, while Pujara was stuck in limbo down the track as English debutant Ollie Poper whipped the bails off and he was out - not Kohli.
That easy wicket for England left India at 3/15. It took the Surrey right-hander just two balls to score his first Test runs when he flicked a Sharma inswinger behind square-leg for four.
Woakes scored an unbeaten 120 in tricky conditions as England batted through a slightly abbreviated day to finish at 357 for six, while Jonny Bairstow contributed 93 to a record sixth-wicket partnership of 199 for England against India.
Anderson struck twice in quick succession to remove Ajinkya Rahane and Kuldeep Yadav before Broad trapped Ravi Ashwin lbw. "For me I find it so much fun when it is like that", said Anderson.