Erie County Government is observing All Women's Equal Pay Day, a day marked to raise awareness of ongoing gaps in pay between women and men.
"The wage gap seems to be stuck", said Vicki Shabo, vice president for workplace policies and strategies at the National Partnership for Women and Families, which cites annual figures, rather than weekly figures showing an 82-cents-to-the-dollar disparity, to avoid fluctuations that come with seasonal work.
In South Carolina, women make an average of 78 cents on the dollar.
"More companies prioritize gender diversity than racial diversity, perhaps hoping that focusing on gender alone will be sufficient to support all women", wrote Facebook COO Sheryl Sandberg in a Wall Street Journal op-ed previous year.
Do you struggle with the gender wage gap? The gap is smallest in New York, California, and Florida, according to the report. According to the latest U.S. Census Bureau data, in 2016 for every dollar paid to men, women made on average 80.5 cents. They make 54 cents to the dollar.
The group found that within the first two years of working in tech, women ask for and receive 98% of what men earn in the same job at the same company, meaning the pay gap is 98 cents to $1 at this stage.
When calculated using average salaries rather than median, the pay gap expands to just over $26,051, or about 31 percent. "By assuming a woman is even able to achieve pay parity later in her career, the initial disparity and pay has an impact on their retirement accounts as well as Social Security benefits". Black, Native American and Latina women all earn even less than white women. That gap widens when you look specifically at women of color.
The pay gap isn't the same for all women, either.
University of MA sociology professor Michelle Budig found women's earnings slip 4 percent for each child they have.
Economists are increasingly examining the role of "occupational segregation", or how women and men are steered toward different occupations.
Since the Woman in the Room's poster project in October, in which supporters could download and print empowering posters with missives such as "Don't Re-state My Idea As Your Own" and "I Don't Need It Man-splained", calls for equality have only intensified. "If our country is to thrive, we must root out bias in wages, reject outdated stereotypes, and stop penalizing women for having children and caring for their families".
The Royal Bank of Canada, Scotiabank and Toronto-Dominion said the mean hourly rate for their United Kingdom -based female workers was between 35 and 44 per cent lower than men's rate.