In all, Trump's administration targeted seven oligarchs, 12 companies they own or control, 17 senior Russian officials and a state-owned arms export company.
The sanctions freeze any assets that those targeted have in United States jurisdictions and bar Americans from doing business with them.
Rusal is the second-largest aluminum maker in the world, while the United States is the largest importer of aluminium.
Shares of Russian aluminum giant United Company Rusal Plc 0486.HK plunged as much as 41.8 percent on Monday as investors bailed on the stock after it was included in a new list of USA sanctions targeting Russian companies and their owners.
Russia's currency briefly dipped more than 4% before recovering slightly to trade at 60.42 to the dollar on Monday evening, down 3.8%, its biggest daily percentage fall since January 2015. Shares in Rusal and EN+ had already fallen sharply on Friday in response to the sanctions, which were announced towards the end of trading in London. This move will significantly impact the operations of Rusal, which has warned of a possible default.
The Kremlin on Monday slammed the latest round of sanctions.
It was noted that Oleg Deripaska, a Russian oligarch, lost the most.
EN+, another company owned by Deripaska, plunged 25 percent on the London bourse, the BBC reported.
The sanctions also hit Norilsk Nickel, whose shares were down 16 percent. "This is an outrageous business from the point of view of illegality, from the point of view of flouting all the norms, and of course careful analysis is needed here", said spokesman Dmitry Peskov. Shares in Russian steelmaker Evraz were the biggest fallers on the FTSE 100 in London, closing 14.4% lower.
EN+, which only listed in London in November having raised $1 billion from City investors despite fears over the potential of further sanctions being imposed on Russian Federation, said it would focus on maintaining its operations and ensuring it "abides by all applicable laws and regulations". It was mentioned that the USA sanctions are highly likely to will have a negative impact on the business of the company and its development.