Pramod Kumar Dohare, medical superintendent of Bangarmau Community Health Centre in the Uttar Pradesh district, registered the case on January 30.
New HIV infections in the country have decreased by 46% since 2010 and the number of AIDS-related deaths has come down by 22% in the same period.
He said the doctor could be charged with carrying out a negligent act likely to spread infection of diseases, voluntarily causing grievous harm by using risky weapons or means, and practising medicine without having registration as a medical practitioner with the state government.
Choudhary added he's unsure how numerous confirmed cases are directly related to Yadav.
A quack who was treating people in the vicinity had allegedly used an infected needle to treat all the victims.
He is a quack, Choudhary said. 9,100 were children under the age of 15.
The fake doctor fled India in December of 2017 after police issued a warrant for his arrest.
"Seeing the high number cases, the health department constituted a two-member committee which visited various settlements of Bangarmau to investigate the reasons behind the spike", Chief medical officer Dr SP Chaudhary said.
The Indian Medical Association estimates that about 45% of the people in India who practice medicine have no formal training.
The development has reportedly made Uttar Pradesh health minister Siddharth Nath Singh vow to crackdown on unqualified medics across the state.
ART also helps prevent transmission of HIV.
At present, India has an estimated 2.1 million people living with HIV. "We set up special medical camps in villages in the area and checked 566 people, and 21 were found to be HIV-positive". They had all been treated by a particular quack, who is now in police custody and faces criminal charges.
He said that awareness camps will be organised there to prevent this.